This map shows the native and introduced (adventive) range of this species. Given appropriate habitat and climate, native plants can be grown outside their range.
Viola pubescens var. eriocarpa, smooth yellow violet, is a 4-12 inch tall forb that is very easily grown in medium to wet, well-drained soil. This violet does not spread by runners or vigorously self seed like some other violets. This plant prefers part shade and is often found in meadows, low woods, and bottom lands. It is native from North-Eastern Canada all the way down to Southern Texas, stopping its westward grown in Colorado.
In the early spring, tiny yellow flowers with purple veining on the lower petals bloom atop the leafy, heart-shaped stems. Stems can grow up to a foot tall. Flowers can bloom as early as March. The leaves of this plant are smooth, as its common name suggests. This is a distinguishing characteristic from its pubescent variation more commonly called downy yellow violet. This plant is great for rock gardens, border fronts, woodlands gardens and of course native plant gardens
Butterflies commonly find themselves taking part in the pollination process, as these flowers tend to draw them in. Viola pubescens var. eriocarpa is also one of the larval host plants for the Edward's Fritillarybutterfly, Great Spangled Fritillary butterfly, the Coronis Fritillary butterfly, and the Variegated Fritillary butterfly. Deer like to feast on the foliage, however the plant is quite tolerant.
Growing your own plants from seed is the most economical way to add natives to your home. Before you get started, one of the most important things to know about the seeds of wild plants is that many have built-in dormancy mechanisms that prevent the seed from germinating. In nature, this prevents a population of plants from germinating all at once, before killing frosts, or in times of drought. To propagate native plants, a gardener must break this dormancy before seed will grow.
Each species is different, so be sure to check the GERMINATION CODE listed on the website, in the catalog, or on your seed packet. Then, follow the GERMINATION INSTRUCTIONS prior to planting. Some species don't need any pre-treatment to germinate, but some species have dormancy mechanisms that must be broken before the seed will germinate. Some dormancy can be broken in a few minutes, but some species take months or even years.Seed dormancy can be broken artificially by prolonged refrigeration of damp seed in the process of cold/moist STRATIFICATION. A less complicated approach is to let nature handle the stratifying through a dormant seeding, sowing seeds on the surface of a weed-free site in late fall or winter. Tucked safely beneath the snow, seeds will be conditioned by weathering to make germination possible in subsequent growing seasons.
To learn more, download: Seed Starting Basics.
We dig plants when they are dormant from our outdoor beds and ship them April-May and October. Some species go dormant in the summer and we can ship them July/August. We are among the few still employing this production method, which is labor intensive but plant-friendly. They arrive to you dormant, with little to no top-growth (bare-root), packed in peat moss. They should be planted as soon as possible. Unlike greenhouse-grown plants, bare-root plants can be planted during cold weather or anytime the soil is not frozen. A root photo is included with each species to illustrate the optimal depth and orientation. Planting instructions/care are also included with each order.
Download: Installing Your Bare-Root Plants
Trays of 38 plants and 3-packs leave our Midwest greenhouse based on species readiness (well-rooted for transit) and based on order date; Spring shipping is typically early-May through June, and Fall shipping is late-August through September. Plant cells are approximately 2” wide x 5” deep in the trays, and 2.5" wide x 3.5" deep in the 3-packs; ideal for deep-rooted natives. Full-color tags and planting instructions/care are included with each order.
Download: Planting and Care of Potted Plants
BARE ROOT PLANTS$50.00 and under: $7.50
over $50.00: 15% of the total plant cost
*MN State Sales Tax of 7.375% is applied for orders shipping to Minnesota only. Shipping & Handling Charges are also subject to the sales tax.
SEED, TOOLS and BOOKS are sent year-round. Most orders ship within a day or two upon receipt.
BARE ROOT PLANTS are shipped during optimal transplanting time: Spring (April-May) and Fall (Oct). Some ephemeral species are also available for summer shipping. Since our plants are field-grown, Nature sets the schedule each year as to when our season will begin and end. We fill all orders, on a first-come, first-serve basis, to the best of our ability depending on weather conditions beyond our control.
*We are unable to ship PLANTS outside the contiguous US or to California due to regulations.
We ship using USPS, UPS and Spee Dee. UPS and Spee Dee are often used for expediting plant orders; they will not deliver to Post Office Box numbers, so please also include your street address if ordering plants.
FOR MORE DETAILED SHIPPING INFORMATION, INCLUDING CANADA SHIPPING RATES (SEED ONLY), PLEASE SEE 'SHIPPING' AT THE FOOTER OF THIS WEBSITE.
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